Types Of Mutual Funds In India | Which Type Of Mutual Fund Is Best?
There is more than one kind of mutual fund, and the one that is appropriate for an investor will depend on the investor's investing goals. Mutual funds, for instance, are able to be placed into one of three categories according to their structure: open-ended, close-ended, or interval funds.
Another way to categorize them is according to the type of asset they invest in, such as equity, debt, or hybrid funds.
“It is the job of the professionals who run mutual funds to collect money from a variety of investors and then invest it in a variety of assets, such as bonds, stock, precious metals and so on.”
The money is invested such that losses can be offset by profits. A mutual fund is the perfect solution for those who have difficulties getting the time to discover and make a decision on various investment options in the market.
Mutual funds are widely regarded as the most flexible and investor-friendly method of investment available and they also offer the investor access to liquid assets.
Over the course of the last ten years, there has been a considerable increase in the popularity of mutual funds.
If you are thinking about investing in a mutual fund, it is vital that you have a fundamental understanding of mutual funds, as well as an understanding of the different types of mutual funds and the characteristics of each type, so that you can make the best choice. Today, we will discuss about the mutual funds based on asset classification.
A mutual fund that invests mostly in the company's equity stock is called an equity mutual fund. Equity funds have a reputation for being high-risk investments, but over the long run, they typically generate better returns.
Debt Based Mutual Funds
To put it simply, they are mutual funds that invest primarily in government bonds, corporate bonds, and other types of debt. Debt funds are characterized by more consistency and reduced sensitivity to changes in the market fluctuations or volatility.
Hybrid or Balance Mutual Funds
A balance fund or hybrid fund is a combination of an equity fund and a debt fund. Investing in both debt and equity funds is a normal practice to maintain a healthy balance in the overall risk of the portfolio.
Money Market Based Mutual Funds
Investments in short-term instruments such as deposit certificates, treasury bills, etc. are considered to be part of the money market. There are money market funds that allow you to invest your money for as little as one day.
What should you know to Invest in Mutual Funds?
The following are a few hints that will assist you in overcoming the decision dilemma that you will be encountering. You will have no trouble investing in a mutual fund once you have completed all of the steps in the checklist provided below:
The first step is to identify your investment goals. A short-term gain or a long-term investment and time horizon that you are considering. A recurring income is one thing, but doubling your investment is another. Maintain open communication regarding the goals you have set for yourself.
Find the funds that are suitable for what you want to do, and then analyze the opportunities those funds present. Consider the benefits and drawbacks of each one in light of the asset class, riskiness, structure, and potential for profit. Don't invest in funds with expense ratios that are more than twice as high as their cost basis.
Make an effort to invest your money in a variety of funds using the information or research you have available. Your returns will be more consistent in proportion to the fund's level of variety. Conduct research into the historical returns that have been accumulated by each of the funds in which you intend to invest your money. To assess their potentials, this information is crucial.
Make contact with agency, AMC or unit trust and gather information about their reputation and past performance. Check to see if you've got a thorough understanding of the company that will be managing your funds before you sign on the dotted line.
Pick the plan offered by the mutual fund company that most closely meets your needs and fulfill your investment objective. Decide whether you'd want to invest in a one-time or continuing manner. Because there are no middlemen involved in a direct plan, the cost-to-income ratio and other associated fees are much smaller. A regular plan will run you more money, but it will also give you access to the benefits of expert advice.
How To Decide Which Type Of Mutual Funds Is Best For You
Knowing the various mutual fund kinds as well as how to invest in them is essential to making wise decisions.
Start investing right away in this sector if you feel comfortable with the level of risk it entails, the amount of time you are willing to wait, and the financial objectives you wish to achieve. When in doubt, seek the advice of an experienced financial advisor to help you make an informed investment decision.
You have the option of doing this online or even offline mode. The only thing you need to do is fill out the application form and submit your KYC details.
The processing of the documentation and the actual investment are often completed within 2 to 3 or maximum 4 full business days.
(Note: This blog is for education purpose and this is not for promotion or advice. Kindly consult professions for any investment related decisions)