Stock Market Correction in India | Why Do Corrections Happen In Stock Market?

There are moments when it appears that the stock market is on the verge of a correction, and this is nothing new. Investors need to know what to do in the event of a stock market correction, which is inevitable.
 

  • What is Market Correction?
     

“When a stock index drops more than 10% from its previous high, it is said to be in a correction zone. The adjective "uncomfortable" is a pretty neutral one for what many investors find to be an uncomfortable time.”
 

  • If you want to accurately predict whether or not the market will enter a negative trend, then you need to have a solid understanding of the notion of market correction.
     
  • At some point, the stock market commentators on media start predicting a correction while it keeps gradually climbing.
     
  • A bear market is one in which the market drops by 20% more than for an extended period of time. Most corrections don't turn into bear markets in the history of the market.
     
  • A dip in stock markets from their most recent peak that continues for an extended length of time is what is known as a correction in the jargon of the stock market. A correction is referred to as such when the value of an index has a decline of at minimum 10% from its high point during the preceding 52-week period.
     
  • Why Do Corrections Happen In Stock Market?
     
  • There are a variety of factors that might lead to market corrections or even full-blown crashes. There are occasions when an external crisis arises, such as the corona virus pandemic that occurred in 2020. 
     
  • There are also occasions when a single industry, such as the dot-com bubble, bursts and has an impact on the entire economy, such as the 2008 financial crisis. There are also occasions when the market appears to be overheated, indicating that stock prices have risen too high. 
     
  • A correction can be triggered by a wide range of factors, including global economic shifts, rising inflation, a slowdown in growth in the economy, or even panic or selloff. It's possible that investors will become alarmed by latest election events and overreacts by selling their equities. 

 

  • An upward spiral occurs whenever a large group of investors drops out, prompting further investors to follow suit. For example, panic selling may be triggered by global events such as a drop in oil prices or conflict or sanctions. For example, institutional investors may decide that the market is overvalued and decide to withdraw money from it, causing a minor decrease that can cause panic among individual investors.
     

 

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“During the past 40 years, just five corrections have turned into bear markets.”
 

  • How do you handle a market correction?
     
  • You have no reason to be concerned about the ups and downs of the stock market if you are an equity investor with a long-term perspective. You should keep investing even while the market is experiencing a correction because doing so will assist you in lowering the average cost of purchasing stocks or any other financial instruments such as mutual funds. 
     
  • As long as the rebound follows the correction, you will reap the benefits. Keep your asset allocation in line with current market conditions, and reduce your equity exposure in favor of more secure assets such as debt if the markets have rebounded.
     
  • Since the majority of investors are mindful that a correction in the stock market can happen at any time, it is helpful to be prepared for the circumstance before it really happens. 
     
  • Diversification of a trader's portfolio into the appropriate proportions of stocks, bonds, and commodities is considered to be one of the most effective trading tactics by seasoned market participants.
     
  • With this, investors are able to benefit from market upswings while also minimizing their losses in times of market downturns. Investors will be able to weather market corrections with such a wide range of options.
     
  • When do market corrections end?
     
  • The answer to that question is 'no one can tell that'. One way to make money in the market is to have this information at the ready. In any case, there are certain benchmarks for the length of time that market corrections and downturns typically last. A typical correction has lasted about 16-18 weeks in the past. 
     
  • On the other hand, the average duration of the three bull markets that have occurred in the recent few decades was close to 40 weeks. There are a few things to keep in mind when it comes to economic downturns.
     

Conclusion 

When the stock market suddenly corrects, it's important to have a well-diversified portfolio to protect your savings from total loss. You can also hedge your portfolio's corrective risks by incorporating other products like bonds and futures. Hope you enjoy reading this article.

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